Friday, August 3, 2012

Ramadan Challenge Day 15 - Ar-Rubai' Bint Mu'awidh

An early Muslim woman, Ar-Rubai' bint Mua'widh ibn al-Harith ibn Rifa' a ibn Malik was a woman of great knowledge and authority and another example of a woman who actively helped the Muslim army in the battle-field. Her authority in reporting ahadith of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) was widely acknowledged. She died during the era of Mu'awiyah forty-five years after Hijrah 

Ar-Rubai's coming into Islam:

Ar-Rubai was among the Ansar (The Helpers) who took the pledge of allegiance to the Holy Prophet under the tree. This is the pledge that has been mentioned in the Qur'an as well:
”O Prophet when believing women come to thee to take the oath of fealty to thee, that they will not associate in worship any other thing whatever with Allah, that they will not steal, that they will not commit adultery (or fornication), that they will not kill their children, that they will not utter slander, intentionally forging falsehood, and that they will not disobeythee in any just matter, then do thou receive their fealty, and pray to Allah for the forgiveness (of their sins): for Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.”(Al-Mumtahana: 12)
Ar-Rubai's role in the wars:

Ar-Rubai contributed along with other Muslim women in the battle-field by carrying water to the soldiers and treating the wounded - a most essential role in any battle-field. There are also incidents when the situation called for her to fight the enemy on the field too clearly showing that both men and women contributed equally to the needs of society and the protection of people.

The lesson of knowledge:

Once again, the importance of knowledge is apparent from the very early days of Islam. Ar-Rubai's knowledge of Islam was revered to by the companions who would ask her when concerned about matters of belief. Regarding ablution, for example, she said:

"The Prophet used to visit us. Once he asked some water to do ablution. She then described the Prophet's way of doing ablution saying, "He started by washing his hand thrice..."
(reported by Abu Dawud).

Reference:

http://www.scribd.com/doc/16595402/50/Umm-Hakim-Bint-al-Harith

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